Day In History:
Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
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|1st||1801 - Legislative
Union of the Ireland and Great Britain in the United Kingdom.
1926 - Irish Free State broadcasting service 2RN is opened.
1957 - Two IRA men are killed in an attack on an RUC base in Brookeborough.
1973 - Ireland joins the EEC along with Denmark and Britain.
1974 - First day in office for the Northern Ireland Executive.
1990 - The Northern Ireland Fair Employment Act becomes law.
|2nd||1922 - Anti-Treaty
Republicans publish the newspaper Poblacht na
1941 - Three Carlow women are killed in a bombing raid.
|3rd||1935 - Anglo-Irish
Coal-Cattle pact signed.
|4th||1906 - Irish
Parliamentary Party MP William O'Brien calls on nationalists to extract
maximum concessions for Ireland from each British government.
1969 - Loyalists attack civil rights demonstrators in Derry.
- Ireland's first motor show
opens in Dublin.
1911 - Protestant church leaders condemn the Catholic ne Temere decree.
1922 - De Valera offers to resign after the terms of the Anglo-Irish Treaty are published.
|6th||1955 - National
Farmers' Assocation is formed.
1961 - Seán Mac Eoin leaves Ireland to serve as General Commanding Officer of the United Nations.
1991 - Irish EC Presidency launched.
|7th||1922 - The
Dáil Éireann votes narrowly to accept the
|8th||1902 - The
Great National Convention takes place in Dublin.
1952 - Peig Sayers travels to Dublin for the first time at age 81.
1968 - Northern Ireland PM Terence O'Neill and Taoiseach Jack Lynch meet in Dublin.
1979 - Betelgeuse tanker disaster.
|9th||1967 - Demonstrations
by the National Farmers' Association block the roads.
|10th||1922 - Arthur
Griffith is elected President of the Provisional Government. De Valera
and supporters walk out of the Dáil Éireann.
1952 - An Aer Lingus plane crashes in Wales with the loss of twenty lives.
1970 - Huge anti-Apartheid demonstrations in Ireland as Ireland plays South Africa at rugby.
|11th||1954 - The
Irish Council of the European Union is formed in Dublin.
1970 - Sinn Féin splits into Official and Provisional wings.
1988 - John Hume and Gerry Adams meet in Belfast.
|13th||1847 - Irish
1923 - The residence of President W.T. Cosgrave is set on fire.
|14th||1965 - The
Taoiseach Seán Lemass arrives in Belfast for a historic
meeting with its Prime Minister Terence O'Neill.
|16th||1881 - Lowest
temperature ever recorded in Ireland (-19.1C, at Markree, County Sligo).
1900 - Three lion cubs raised by an Irish red setter go on show at Dublin zoo.
1960 - A 103-year old shipping service between Cork and Glasgow comes to an end.
|17th||1914 - Sir
Edward Carson inspects a parade of the East Belfast Regiment of the UVF.
|18th||1953 - Sinn
Féin decides to contest all twelve constituencies in
1978 - Britain is found guilty in the European Court of Human Rights of inhuman and degrading treatment of internees in Northern Ireland.
|20th||1992 - Peter
Brooke offers to resign as Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
after singing on The
Late Late Show only hours after an IRA bombing.
|21st||1919 - First
meeting of the Dáil Éireann at the Mansion House
Dublin, where an independent Irish Republic is declared. The
Anglo-Irish War begins with the shooting of two policement in Tipperary.
1946 - Work starts on a comprehensive English-Irish dictionary.
|22nd||1923 - Irish
becomes a subject for examination in the Civil Service.
1972 - Jack Lynch and Patrick Hillery sign the Treaty of Accession to the European Communities.
|24th||1957 - Sir
Alfred Chester Beatty becomes the first honorary Irish citizen.
|26th||1907 - The
performance of The
Playboy of the Western World in Dublin triggers a week of
1944 - W. T. Cosgrave resigns as leader of Fine Gael.
1996 - 'The Mitchell principles' are proposed as conditions for talks in Northern Ireland.
|27th||1995 - First
formal discussions between the Taoiseach John Bruton and Gerry Adams.
|29th||1887 - Pro-Unionist
newspaper The Union
founded in Dublin.
1932 - Ten years of Cumann na nGaedhael rule come to an end.
|30th||1913 - House
of Lords rejects the Home Rule Bill.
1972 - Bloody Sunday - 13 demonstrators killed by British paratroopers in Northern Ireland.
1992 - Charles Haughey resigns as Taoiseach and leader of Fianna Fáil.
|31st||1984 - Teenager
Ann Lovett dies after giving birth in a religious grotto.
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|1st||1943 - Central
Bank of Ireland established.
1982 - Corporal punishment banned from schools in the Republic.
|2nd||1880 - Charles
Stewart Parnell addresses the United States Congress.
1972 - The British Embassy is burned in response to Bloody Sunday.
|3rd||1881 - Michael
Davitt is arrested.
1917 - The father of Easter Rising rebel Joseph Plunkett wins a seat at Roscommon North for Sinn Féin.
1919 - Éamon de Valera and two others escape from prison in England.
|4th||1933 - De
Valera's Fianna Fáil win their first overall majority in the
1992 - On the day Mary Robinson becomes the first President of Ireland to visit Belfast, an off-duty RUC officer in Belfast kills three people in a Sinn Féin office before committing suicide.
|5th||1992 - Loyalists
kill five Catholics in a betting shop in Belfast.
|7th||1991 - The
IRA mortar bombs Downing Street.
|8th||1929 - De
Valera sentenced to one month in jail for illegally entering County
|9th||1983 - The
IRA kidnap a racehorse, Shergar.
1996 - The IRA breaks its ceasefire by bombing Canary Wharf.
|10th||1922 - Treaty
Bill introduced in the British House of Commons, providing the
dissolution of the 'Southern Ireland' parliament and the election of a
new parliament for which the Provisional Government will be responsible.
1958 - Trade Unions vote to end a 15-year split, forming the Irish Congress of Trade Unions.
1972 - The IRA announce a ceasefire.
|11th||1867 - Fenians
try and fail to seize Chester Castle.
1925 - A resolution is passed making divorce and remarriage illegal.
1926 - The performance of The Plough and the Stars leads to violence in Dublin.
2000 - Devolution suspended in Northern Ireland.
|12th||1939 - The
Department of External Affairs recognises the government of General
Franco in Spain.
1972 - Ulster Vanguard Movement is launched.
1989 - Belfast solictor Pat Finucane is shot dead by Loyalists.
|13th||1966 - The
Bishop of Clonfert complains about the content of The Late Late Show.
|14th||1981 - Forty-eight
young people die in a fire at the Stardust Ballroom.
|15th||1956 - Owen
Sheehy-Skeffington calls for an end to the corporal punishment of girls.
1995 - English football hooligans riot at Lansdown Road.
|17th||1960 - The Television Bill
passes through its final stages in Seanad Éireann.
1978 - Twelve people die in the La Mon restaurant bombing.
|18th||1948 - John
A. Costello is elected the second Taoiseach of Ireland.
|19th||1901 - Thomas
O'Donnell is prevented from addressing the British House of Commons in
1987 - Charles Haughey returns as Taoiseach.
|21st||1843 - Dublin
Corporation debate on the Repeal of the Act of Union.
1910 - Sir Edward Carson becomes the leader of the Irish Unionists.
|22nd||1933 - General
Eoin O'Duffy is forced to resign from his post as Commissioner of the
1995 - Taoiseach John Bruton and British PM John Major launch a framework document for Northern Ireland.
|23rd||1910 - St
Patrick's College, Maynooth, becomes part of the National University of
1943 - 35 children die in a fire at St. Joseph's orphanage, Cavan.
|26th||1852 - The
which has sailed with insufficient lifeboats, founders. Recruits to the
British Army who had boarded at Queenstown stand to attention while
women and children are placed in the lifeboats.
1934 - Protest by boys at a school in Thurles over classmates wearing blue shirts (in support of the Blueshirt movement).
1992 - Ban lifted on a 14-year-old rape victim in the Republic going to England for an abortion.
|27th||1903 - Mansion
House meeting welcomes a move to establish St Patrick's Day as a
1920 - Text of the Home Rule Bill published, providing for two parliaments in Ireland.
1997 - Law providing for divorce comes into effect in the Republic.
|28th||1973 - The
National Coalition of Fine Gael and Labour win an election in
1985 - IRA kill nine RUC officers at Newry.
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|2nd||1933 - Vote
to remove the Oath of Allegiance is carried.
1934 - Wearing of Uniform (Restriction) Bill carried.
|3rd||1942 - Gas
|5th||1867 - Fenian
rising in Dublin, Tipperary, Limerick, Clare and Cork.
1936 - W. T. Cosgrave again nominated President of Fine Gael.
|6th||1988 - The
SAS controversially kill three IRA members in Gibraltar.
|7th||1887 - The Times
publishes the first in a series of article accusing Parnell of being
involved in crime.
1957 - Fianna Fáil return to power in the Republic.
1965 - Mass is said in the vernacular for the first time.
|8th||1966 - Nelson's
Pillar in Dublin is blown up.
|10th||1932 - The
new Fianna Fáil government releases 23 political prisoners.
1934 - Women banned from National Athletic and Cycling Association events.
1944 - The United States alleges that Ireland's neutrality is acting in favour of the Axis Powers.
Valera resigns as President of Sinn Féin after one of his
proposals is defeated.
|13th||1846 - 300
tenants evicted from Ballinglass.
1944 - The British government bans travel between Great Britain and Ireland.
|14th||1984 - Sinn
Féin leader Gerry Adams is shot and wounded.
1991 - The Birmingham Six are freed after 16 years wrongful imprisonment.
|15th||1953 - 10,000
civil servants march in Dublin, demanding a just wage.
|16th||1939 - De
Valera is greeted by Benito Mussolini in Rome.
1953 - President Roosevelt asks the American Congress to support a United Ireland.
1964 - Seán Lemass launches 'Ireland Week' in London.
1988 - Michael Stone kills three people at an IRA funeral.
1991 - Dublin becomes the European City of Culture.
|17th||1931 - First
St Patrick's Day parade in the Irish Free State.
1933 - Éamon de Valera gives the first State reception since the foundation of the Free State.
|18th||1934 - General
Eoin O'Duffy addresses 2,500 Blueshirts in the Trim Market Square.
1964 - The Agricultural Ministers of the North and the Republic, Harry West and Charles Haughey, meet.
|19th||1969 - Ireland
receives its first loan from the World Bank.
|20th||1920 - Mayor
of Cork Thomas MacCurtain killed by the RIC.
1935 - The army intervenes in a bus strike by providing lorries for transport.
1941 - Bread rationing is introduced.
1979 - Huge anti-PAYE demonstration in Dublin.
|21st||2001 - Ireland
confirms its first case of foot and mouth disease in many years.
|22nd||1949 - The
Irish government leases a residence in the Phoenix Park to the United
States for 99 years.
1969 - Civil rights demonstrations all over Northern Ireland.
1987 - Irish National Lottery is launched.
|24th||1968 - An
Aer Lingus plane, St
Phelim, crashes near the Tuskar Rock killing 57 people.
|26th||1935 - 72
Republicans arrested in the Free State.
|29th||1887 - Irish
Crimes Act introduced in response to the National Land League's boycott
1940 - Fire destroys the upper part of St Patrick's College, Maynooth.
|30th||1849 - Doolough
Tragedy: famine victims are forced to walk through the night to appeal
for famine relief, resulting in many deaths.
1939 - The Treason Bill passes its final reading at Dáil Éireann.
1979 - The Irish government ends the parity of the Irish pound with sterling.
1978 - 6000 people protest the building of civic offices on a Viking site.
1999 - Irish Land Commission dissolved after 108 years existence.
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|1st||1919 - Second
meeting of the Dáil Éireann; de Valera is elected
1922 - British government orders the release of all Irish prisoners convicted of political offences.
|2nd||1902 - John
Redmond is awarded the freedom of the city of Dublin.
1925 - An Garda Síochána founded from the Civic Guard and Dublin Metropolitan Police.
1972 - Raidió na Gaeltachta goes on air.
|3rd||1895 - Oscar
Wilde launches a libel case against the Marquess of Queensbury.
1931 - Floods in Cork.
1970 - Garda Richard Fallon is murdered in Dublin.
1990 - All-party support expressed in the Republic for a motion to abolish the death penalty.
|4th||1900 - Queen
Victoria arrives in Kingstown and travels to Dublin.
|5th||1915 - National
Volunteers convene at Mansion House where John Redmond praises their
response to the Great War.
|6th||1927 - Dan
Breen proposes that the Oath of Allegiance be removed from the Irish
Free State constitution. President Cosgrave opposes this.
|8th||1886 - Gladstone
introduces a Home Rule Bill to the House of Commons.
|9th||1912 - Orangemen
converge on Balmoral Showground to declare their opposition to Home
1934 - The US Minister for Ireland, W. W. Dowell, dies at a banquet in his honour.
|10th||1923 - Liam
Lynch, IRA irregular, captured.
1998 - Good Friday Agreement.
|11th||1912 - A Home Rule Bill
is introduced to the House of Commons.
1951 - Dr Noel Browne, Minister for Health, resigns and his Mother and Child Scheme is overturned.
1966 - The Garden of Rememberance in Parnell Square is opened.
1971 - The GAA lifts its ban on members playing 'foreign games' like football, rugby and cricket.
|12th||1912 - Sinn
Féin oppose the Home Rule Bill.
1935 - Rath Cairn Gaeltacht established.
|13th||1829 - Catholic
Emancipation Act becomes law.
|14th||1912 - The
hits an iceberg and sinks.
|15th||1941 - The
|16th||1970 - Ian
Paisley wins a by-election in Northern Ireland.
|17th||1949 - A
21-gun salute on O'Connell Bridge, Dublin, ushers in the Republic of
1969 - 21-year-old Bernadette Devlin is elected MP for Mid-Ulster.
|18th||1918 - Military
Service Bill, which includes conscription in Ireland, becomes law.
1927 - Celtic Park opens in Belfast.
|19th||1887 - Gladstone
delivers a speech on 'The Irish Question'.
1919 - At their Ard-Fheis, Sinn Féin proposes an Executive Council of the Irish National Alliance which will challenge the right of any foreign parliament to make laws for Ireland.
1939 - De Valera announces that all references to Great Britain and the King will be removed from new passports.
1951 - The Northern Irish Attorney General says that 'Ireland is really ruled by Maynooth'.
|20th||1879 - First
of many 'monster meetings' for tenant farmers held in Irishtown, County
1918 - Irish Parliamentary Party meets to oppose conscription.
1954 - Michael Manning becomes the last man to be executed in the Republic of Ireland.
|21st||1916 - Roger
Casement arrested at Banna Strand for smuggling ammunition.
1938 - Douglas Hyde is selected as the first President of Ireland.
1965 - Liam Cosgrave becomes the new leader of Fine Gael.
1970 - The Alliance Party is founded in Northern Ireland.
|22nd||1916 - Eoin
MacNeill, Chief of Staff of the Irish Volunteers, tries to cancel all
|23rd||1916 - Military
council of the Irish Republican Brotherhood meet at Liberty Hall to
plan a Rising. Proclamation of the Republic signed.
|24th||1916 - The
Easter Rising begins.
1924 - Boundary Conference in London ends in deadlock. A Boundary Commission is established.
|25th||1914 - Larne
Gun Running Incident.
1916 - Martial law is declared in Dublin.
1983 - 2000 people demonstrate in Dublin against the Pro-Life Amendment Bill.
|26th||1893 - Edward
Carson called to the English Bar at the Middle Temple.
1904 - King Edward VII and his Queen arrive in Kingstown.
1916 - Summary executions of three men including the pacifist Francis Sheehy-Skeffington.
|27th||1880 - Royal
University of Ireland founded.
1916 - Major General John Maxwell arrives in Dublin. 12,000 British troops are now fighting the Rebellion.
1921 - De Valera accuses the Sinn Féin delegation to London of having ignored the Dáil's instructions.
|28th||1969 - Prime
Minister of Northern Ireland Terence O'Neill resigns.
|29th||1916 - Unconditional
surrender of leading rebels in the Easter Rising.
|30th||1937 - New
Constitution of Ireland introduced.
1952 - The Adoption Bill makes provision for the adoption of orphans and illegitimate children.
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|1st||1916 - Collapse
of the Easter Rising.
1943 - Sir Basil Brooke becomes Prime Minister of Northern Ireland.
1969 - James Chichester Clark becomes Prime Minister of Northern Ireland.
1980 - The Derrynaflan Chalice discovered in a bog.
|2nd||1945 - Éamon
de Valera expresses his sympathy on the death of Adolf Hitler to the
1982 - Ireland affirms its neutrality in the Falklands war and opposes EEC sanctions against Argentina.
|3rd||1916 - Patrick
Pearse, Thomas MacDonagh and Thomas Clarke are executed at Kilmainham
Gaol for their part in the Easter Rising.
1933 - The Bill to abolish the Oath of Allegiance is passed.
1949 - The British government passes an Act guaranteeing that Northern Ireland will remain within the United Kingdom as long as the majority of its citizens want it to be.
|4th||1916 - Joseph
Plunkett, Michael O'Hanrahan, Edward Daly and Willie Pearse executed
for their part in the Easter Rising. Chief Secretary of Ireland
Augustine Birrell resigns.
1922 - Three day truce secured between both Pro- and Anti-Treaty forces.
1939 - The Prime Minister of Northern Ireland announces that conscription will not be extended to Northern Ireland.
|5th||1916 - John
MacBride executed for his role in the Easter Rising.
1918 - 15,000 attend an anti-conscription meeting in County Roscommon.
1941 - When Belfast suffers its third bombing raid, Dublin sends emergency crews to assist.
1970 - The Arms Crisis. Finance Minister Charles Haughey and Agriculture Minister Neil Blaney asked to resign after suspicions that they had supplied arms to the Provisional IRA.
1981 - Bobby Sands dies on the 66th day of his hunger strike at Long Kesh prison.
|6th||1882 - Lord
Cavendish and Thomas Henry Burke are murdered in Phoenix Park.
1924 - William Craig refuses to appoint a Northern Ireland representative to the Boundary Commission.
2000 - The IRA begins to decommission its weapons.
|7th||1915 - The
RMS Lusitania is torpedoed by German submarines eight miles off
Kinsale, bringing America into the War.
1931 - An Óige established.
1969 - Tax exemptions announced for artists and others whose work has cultural merit.
1992 - Bishop Eamon Casey resigns following the revelation that he is a father.
|8th||1916 - Eamon Ceannt, Con Colbert, Michael Mallin
and Seán Heuston executed for their role in the Easter
1987 - The SAS kill eight IRA members at Loughgall.
|9th||1912 - Second
reading of the Home Rule Bill in the British House of Commons. A
Unionist amendment is rejected.
|10th||1912 - Andrew
Bonar Law and Edward Carson both voice opposition to the Home Rule Bill.
1972 - A referendum on Ireland's membership of the European Economic Community sees a large majority in favour.
1973 - Erskine H. Childers wins the presidential election.
|11th||1908 - British
House of Commons votes in favour of the Irish Universities Bill.
1916 - During a session of the British Parliament, John Dillon of the Irish Parliamentary Party calls for an end to the execution of the Easter Rebels.
|12th||1916 - James
Connolly and Seán
MacDiarmada are executed for their role in the Easter
1950 - Nationalist MPs in Northern Ireland ask the Irish government to give Northern-elected representatives seats in the Dáil and Seanad.
|13th||1900 - Rift
in the Parliamentary Party is healed, with John Redmond and John Dillon
sharing a platform together for the first time in ten years.
1919 - IRA men Dan Breen and Seán Treacy are injured while rescuing Seán Hogan from custody in County Limerick.
1921 - Sinn Féin take 124 of the 128 seats available in the Southern Parliament.
1937 - A statue of George II in St. Stephen's Green is blown up.
1949 - Leading figures in the Republic of Ireland share a platform to protest the British government's stance on Northern Ireland.
|14th||1974 - The
Ulster Workers' Strike begins.
|15th||1847 - Death
of Daniel O'Connell.
|16th||1917 - David
Lloyd-George announces that he wants immediate Home Rule for 26
counties of Ireland. The remaining six counties are to be excluded for
1926 - Fianna Fáil is founded by Éamon de Valera and Seán Lemass.
1945 - Éamon de Valera responds to Winston Churcill's criticism of Irish neutrality.
1954 - A huge Marian Year procession is held in Dublin.
|17th||1880 - Parnell
elected chairman of the Irish Parliamentary Party.
1916 - Bishop of Limerick Thomas O'Dwyer refuses to discipline two of his curates who have expressed republican sympathies.
1974 - Loyalists bomb Dublin and Monaghan, killing 31 civilians.
1976 - Tim Severin sets off in a voyage from Dingle to America in imitation of St. Brendan.
|18th||1854 - Catholic
University of Ireland formally established.
1996 - Ireland wins the Eurovision Song Contest for the seventh time.
|19th||1928 - Foundation
stone of Northern Ireland Parliament building laid at Stormont.
1932 - The Constitution (Removal of Oath) Bill is passed.
|20th||1901 - A
census shows that Ireland has a population of 4.5 million with
Catholics outnumbering Anglicans and Presbyterians by three to one.
1918 - Anti-conscription meeting in Dublin.
1963 - Plans are announced for comprehensive schools and regional technical colleges.
|21st||1956 - First
Cork International Film Festival.
|22nd||1957 - The
Minister for Education announces that married women will no longer be
barred from teaching.
1971 - The 'Contraceptive Train' brings contraceptives from the North to the Republic as a protest against their illegality.
1998 - The Good Friday Agreement endorsed by referendum on both sides of the border.
|23rd||1964 - Official
opening of the US Embassy in Dublin.
|24th||1951 - Gardaí
exchange shots with two men who try to bomb the British embassy in
|25th||1921 - Custom
House in Dublin set on fire.
|26th||1868 - Fenian
Michael Barrett publicly executed in Clerkenwall, London.
|27th||1936 - First
Aer Lingus flight, going from Baldonnell to Bristol.
1941 - Winston Churchill rules out military conscription in Northern Ireland.
1960 - The last barge sails on the Grand Canal.
|28th||1923 - Official
end of Civil War.
1936 - Motion passed abolishing the Senate of the Irish Free State.
1970 - Charles Haughey, Neil Blaney, Albert Luykx and Captain James Kelly appear in court accused of conspiracy to import arms.
|29th||1977 - Massive
peace rally in Belfast.
|30th||1924 - New
licensing laws restrict pub opening hours and limits drinking to the
1952 - Longer summer holidays for school children announced.
1983 - Inaugural session of the New Ireland Forum.
|31st||1941 - Dublin
bombed by the Luftwaffe with the loss of 34 lives.
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|1st||1944 - Fianna
Fáil wins the general election.
|2nd||1942 - Speed
limits are introduced to reduce wear on tyres.
|4th||1984 - US
President Ronald Reagan addresses both houses of the Oireachtas.
|7th||1921 - James
Craig is elected first Prime Minister of Northern Ireland.
1944 - Further rationing of electricity is announced.
1996 - Garda Jerry McCabe is shot dead by the IRA in Limerick.
2001 - Ireland rejects the Nice Treaty in a referendum.
|8th||1886 - Home
Rule Bill is rejected, triggering riots in Belfast.
|9th||1903 - University
of Dublin agrees to award degrees to women.
|10th||1961 - Prince
Ranier and Princess Grace of Monaco are received in Dublin.
1983 - Sinn Féin leader Gerry Adams is elected MP for West Belfast.
|11th||1843 - Tuam
is the location of the first of a series of Monster Meetings calling
|12th||1986 - Two
giant pandas arrive at Dublin zoo.
|13th||1951 - Éamon
de Valera becomes Taoiseach with a tiny majority.
|14th||1928 - Amendment
to the Court of Justice Bill ensures certain judges must have
competency in Irish.
|15th||1977 - Fianna
Fáil win the general election.
1988 - IRA kill six British soldiers in Lisburn.
|16th||1871 - Westmeath
Act allows detention without trial.
1904 - James Joyce meets Nora Barnacle, and later sets Ulysses on this day.
1922 - A general election in Ireland shows 75% support the Anglo-Irish Treaty.
1997 - National University of Ireland, Maynooth, comes into existence.
|18th||1969 - French
President Charles de Gaulle meets President De Valera in Dublin.
1992 - Referendum in the Republic approves the Maastricht Treaty.
|20th||1890 - St
George's covered market is opened in Belfast.
1936 - Irish government declares the IRA an illegal organisation.
|22nd||1911 - Sinn
Féin protest Irish participation in the coronation of King
1932 - 31st Eucharistic Conference opens in the Pro-Cathedral, Dublin.
|23rd||1914 - Government
of Ireland Bill introduced to the House of Lords.
1929 - Pontifical High Mass at Phoenix Park marks the centenary of Catholic emancipation.
1993 - Dáil Éireann passes a bill to decriminalise homosexuality.
|24th||1973 - Éamon
de Valera retires from office aged 90.
|25th||1938 - Douglas
Hyde is inaugurated as the first President of Ireland.
1945 - Seán T. O'Kelly is inaugurated as the second President of Ireland.
1959 - Éamon de Valera is inaugurated as the third President of Ireland.
1966 - Éamon de Valera is inaugurated for a second term as President.
1970 - Bishops lift the ban on Catholics attending Trinity College Dublin.
1973 - Erskine Childers is inaugurated as the fourth President of Ireland.
|26th||1887 - Highest
temperature ever recorded in Ireland (33.3C, measured at Kilkenny
1949 - 80,000 people attend a Pioneer Total Abstinence Society meeting at Croke Park.
1991 - The wrongful convictions of the Maguire Seven are quashed.
1996 - Crime reporter Veronica Guerin murdered in Dublin.
|27th||1963 - US
President J. F. Kennedy addresses both houses of the Oireachtas.
1998 - The Republic of Ireland qualifies for entry into the Economic and Monetary Union of the EU.
|30th||1922 - Anti-Treaty
forces storm the Four Courts and take 33 prisoners.
1932 - The Tailteann Games open in Croke Park.
1981 - Fine Gael leader Dr Garret Fitzgerald is elected Taoiseach.
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|1st||1892 - Edward
Carson sworn in as Solicitor-General for Ireland.
1916 - First day of the Battle of the Somme. The 36th Ulster Division sustains 5,000 casualties on this day alone.
1950 - The former British Representative, Gilbert Laitwaite, becomes the British Ambassador to Ireland.
|2nd||1970 - Neil
Blaney is cleared of conspiracy to import arms.
|3rd||1918 - Lord
Lieutenant bans Sinn Féin, the Irish Volunteers, the Gaelic League and Cumann na
1924 - Teaching of Irish to be made compulsory in schools.
|4th||1921 - James
Craig refuses to attend a peace conference in Dublin because De Valera
had addressed the invitation to him personally instead of using his
title of Prime Minister of Northern Ireland.
1957 - The Ne Temere boycott at Fethard-on-Sea is debated at the Dáil.
|5th||1922 - Cathal
Brugha refuses to surrender to pro-Treaty forces and is badly injured.
1977 - Jack Lynch is elected Taoiseach.
|6th||1907 - Irish
state jewels are stolen from Dublin castle.
1946 - A new republican party, Clann na Poblachta, is founded in Dublin.
1953 - Sit-down protest by the unemployed in Dublin.
1962 - First ever episode of The Late Late Show.
1997 - Violence flares at an Orange Order march down the Garvaghy Road.
|7th||1905 - Drunkenness
(Ireland) Bill debated in the British House of Commons. Irish MPs
object that it is offensive.
1913 - Home Rule Bill carried in the House of Lords, despite Andrew Bonar Law's attempts to obstruct it.
1966 - A new secondary education scheme is announced.
|9th||1959 - The
first twelve female recruits are selected to join An Garda
- Provisional Government of Ulster meets for first time
in the Ulster Hall.
1917 - Sinn Féin's Éamon de Valera is victorious at the East Clare by-election.
1927 - Minister for Justice Kevin O'Higgins assassinated by the anti-Treaty IRA.
|11th||1901 - The
the largest ship in the world, is launched in Belfast.
1921 - Truce in the War of Independence.
1938 - Three Cork harbour ports are returned to the Irish government.
|13th||1922 - The
Irish government appoints a War Council, including Michael Collins.
1962 - The Secretary General of the United Nations, U Thant, arrives in Dublin.
|14th||1935 - Sectarian
rioting in Belfast leads to five deaths.
|16th||1971 - The
SDLP withdraws from Stormont.
|17th||1974 - The
Contraceptive Bill is defeated at Dáil Éireann.
|18th||1951 - The
Abbey Theatre in Dublin is burned down.
|19th||1997 - The
IRA declares a ceasefire.
|20th||1982 - The
IRA kill ten servicemen in bomb attacks on two parks in London.
|21st||1914 - Buckingham
Palace conference to allow Unionists and Nationalists to discuss Home
1972 - Bloody Friday: nine people in Belfast killed by IRA bombs in Belfast.
1976 - The UK Ambassador Christopher Ewart-Biggs is killed by the IRA.
|22nd||1848 - Habeas
Corpus is suspended so that the Young Irelanders can be detained
1957 - The Gough Monument in Phoenix Park is blown up.
1985 - The Virgin Mary is seen to move at Ballinspittle.
|23rd||1803 - Robert
Emmet's attempted Rising in Dublin.
1916 - Thousands gather at Phoenix Park to discuss British proposals to partition Ireland.
|24th||1990 - The
IRA kill three policemen and a nun in a bomb attack.
|25th||1917 - Irish
Convention meets for the first time.
1957 - A boy who was beaten at school is awarded £100 compensation.
|26th||1914 - Erskine
Childers and his wife land 2,500 guns for the Irish Volunteers at Howth.
|28th||1927 - Ireland's
first automatic telephone exchange opens in Dublin.
1957 - The Carlisle Monument in Phoenix Park is blown up.
|29th||1848 - The
Young Ireland rebellion in County Tipperary is a failure.
1915 - Republicans under Patrick Pearse take over the Gaelic League at its Dundalk Conference, forcing the resignation of Douglas Hyde.
1959 - The Department of Transport and Power is established.
|31st||1893 - Gaelic
League established by Douglas Hyde and Eoin MacNeill.
1947 - The Soviet Union blocks Ireland's entry into the United Nations.
1969 - The halfpenny is withdrawn from circulation.
1972 - Operation Motorman begins in Northern Ireland.
1975 - Three members of the Miami Showband are killed by the Ulster Volunteer Force.
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|1st||1906 - The
Catholic hierarchy rule out mixed education at Trinity College, Dublin.
1915 - Funeral of Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa, at which Patrick Pearse gives an oration.
1969 - A huge rally outside the GPO in Dublin protests events in Northern Ireland.
1980 - Eighteen people die in the Buttevant Rail Disaster.
|3rd||1916 - Roger
Casement hanged for treason.
|5th||1969 - Severe
sectarian rioting in Belfast.
|7th||1957 - A
war memorial in Limerick is blown up.
1986 - Peter Robinson, deputy leader of the DUP, is arrested for illegal assembly after a Loyalist mob takes over a village in County Monaghan.
|8th||1980 - Ten
people die in a hotel fire at Bundoran.
|9th||1971 - Internment without
trial is introduced in Northern Ireland.
Fianna Fáil TDs join the Dáil for the first time.
1950 - At a meeting of the European Consultative Assembly in Strasbourg, Irish representatives vote against the European army proposed by Winston Churchill.
|12th||1898 - James
Connolly publishes the first copy of the Workers' Republic
1946 - A plane carrying 23 French Girl Guides crashes in the Wicklow Mountains.
|13th||1931 - Business
resumes in the Four Courts following damage caused in the Civil War.
1969 - The Taoiseach Jack Lynch says on television that Ireland 'can no longer stand by' given the situation in Northern Ireland.
1995 - Gerry Adams tells a rally in Belfast that the IRA 'haven't gone away'.
|14th||1903 - Wyndham
Land Act passed, offering incentives to landlord to sell their estates.
|15th||1838 - Government
introduces relief work and a reduction in tithes for the poor.
1843 - Repeal meeting at Tara.
1969 - A night of violence and arson in Belfast. Sinn Féin calls for UN intervention and the boycott of British goods.
1998 - Real IRA bomb at Omagh kills 29 people.
|16th||1879 - Land
League of Mayo founded at Castlebar.
1969 - British soldiers are deployed in Belfast.
1982 - The Attorney General Patrick Connolly resigns after a wanted killer is found at his house.
|17th||1922 - Dublin
Castle is formally handed over to the IRA by the British.
1969 - Northern Ireland protesters clash with the Garda Síochána in Dublin.
|18th||1911 - The
British House of Lords loses its veto power beyond two years, making
Home Rule possible.
|19th||1989 - 10,000
people march in Dublin calling for Britain's withdrawal from Northern
|20th||1888 - Christian
Brothers College founded in Cork.
|21st||1962 - Former
US President Eisenhower arrives in Belfast.
1970 - The Social Democratic and Labour Party is founded in Northern Ireland.
|22nd||1922 - Michael
Collins is killed in an ambush at Béal na Bláth.
|23rd||1921 - Stormont
Castle agreed as the Parliament building for Northern Ireland.
|27th||1928 - Ireland
becomes a signatory of the Kellogg Peace Pact.
1969 - The B-Specials begin to hand over their guns. British Home Secretary James Callaghan visits Belfast.
1979 - The IRA kill Lord Mountbatten, his grandson and the grandson's friend; on the same day, an IRA ambush at Warrenpoint kills 18 British soldiers.
|28th||1835 - St.
Vincent's Ecclesiastical Seminary opened at Castleknock.
1930 - Rembrandt painting found in an Irish cottage is authenticated.
|31st||1994 - IRA
announces a ceasefire.
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|1st||1913 - Protest
by locked-out workers lead to serious riots in Dublin.
1939 - A state of emergency is declared by the Irish government.
1974 - Transition Year is introduced as a pilot scheme in three schools.
1994 - Transition Year is introduced to all secondary schools.
|2nd||1933 - United
Ireland Organisation founded. It is to adopt the name of 'Fine Gael'.
|3rd||1939 - The
Emergency Powers Act comes into force as Britain declares war on
|4th||1907 - Sinn
Féin disrupt an Irish Parliamentary Party meeting.
1967 - CIÉ, a scheme for free school transport for older students, is introduced.
|5th||1926 - 48 people die in a
temporary cinema in Dromcolliher when it catches fire.
1954 - KLM Flight 633 crashes leaving Shannon airport, killing 27 people.
|6th||1899 - The
Countess of Shaftesbury laid the foundation stone of St Anne's
Cathedral in Belfast.
1994 - John Hume, the Taoiseach Albert Reynolds and Gerry Adams meet to pledge support for
|8th||1893 - Second
Home Rule Bill rejected by the Lords.
1908 - Patrick Pearse founds St Enda's school.
1921 - David Lloyd George makes a final offer to Éamon de Valera.
|9th||1887 - Three
men killed by the police at an Irish National League demonstration at
1922 - First meeting of the Provisional Parliament (Third Dáil).
|10th||1928 - Irish
|12th||1919 - The
Dáil Éireann is declared illegal.
1938 - Éamon de Valera is elected President of the Assembly of the League of Nations.
1997 - Mary Robinson resigns as President of Ireland to take up a post at the United Nations.
|13th||1845 - Gardener's Chronicle announces
that the potato blight has appeared in Ireland.
|14th||1921 - Sinn
Féin put together a delegation to meet Lloyd George in
London; it includes Michael Collins and Arthur Griffith.
|17th||1913 - Edward
Carson declares that a Provisional Government will be set up if Home
Rule is enacted.
|18th||1867 - Thomas
J. Kelly and Timothy Deasy escape while being transferred to jail in
1922 - Constitution of Saorstát Éireann Bill introduced by W. T. Cosgrave.
|19th||1923 - Fourth
Dáil meet for the first time at Leinster House.
|20th||1803 - Execution
of Robert Emmet.
|22nd||1959 - First
conference of the Irish Congress of Trade Unions, which is not
recognised by Northern Ireland.
|23rd||1992 - The
destroys Belfast's forensic science laboratory.
|25th||1971 - Rally
in Dublin in support of civil disobedience in Northern Ireland.
|26th||1932 - Éamon
de Valera gives his inaugural speech as President of the League of
|27th||1913 - 12,000
Ulster Volunteers parade at Balmoral to protest Home Rule.
|28th||1912 - 'Ulster
Day' on which the Ulster Covenant is signed.
|29th||1979 - Pope
John Paul II arrives in Ireland for a three-day visit.
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|1st||1812 - English
balloonist James Sadler attempts to cross the Irish Sea in a balloon.
He fails and almost drowns.
|2nd||1957 - The
Voluntary Health Insurance Board is launched.
|3rd||1938 - Britain's
last remaining forts in the twenty-six counties are handed back to
1940 - The German government announced it was willing to compensate Ireland for bombs dropped on Dublin.
1970 - US President Nixon arrives in Ireland.
1975 - Businessman Tiede Herrema is kidnapped by the IRA.
|5th||1968 - Police
in Derry baton-charge a civil rights march.
|6th||1891 - Death
of Charles Stewart Parnell.
1980 - Mella Carroll becomes Ireland's first female high court judge.
|7th||1843 - Daniel
O'Connell succumbs to government pressure and bans a Monster Meeting at
|9th||1932 - Shots
fired at a Cumann na nGaedhael meeting in Limerick.
|10th||1918 - RMS
Leinster is sunk by a German submarine with the loss of around 500
1957 - Fire at Windscale Nuclear Power Station in England, believed to have caused birth defects in Ireland.
1969 - The Hunt Committee report recommends an unarmed police force in Northern Ireland.
1977 - Mairéad Corrigan and Betty Williams win the Nobel Prize for Peace.
|12th||1940 - The
ship is bombed with the loss of twelve lives, months after surviving
1975 - Oliver Plunkett is canonised.
1984 - The IRA kill five people on an attack on a Brighton hotel during the Conservative Party Conference.
|13th||1994 - Loyalist
paramilitary groups announce a ceasefire.
|18th||1880 - Ballycastle
railway opens between Ballymoney and Ballycastle.
1881 - "No Rent" manifesto issued by Irish National Land League.
|19th||1881 - Irish
National Land League proclaimed illegal.
1989 - Three of the Guildford Four are released.
|21st||1879 - Irish
National Land League founded at Dublin.
|22nd||1884 - Alice
Walkington becomes the first woman to be awarded a degree in Ireland.
1976 - President Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh resigns over a furore about the Emergency Powers Bill, which led to the Minister for Defence describing him as a 'thundering disgrace'.
|23rd||1911 - 70,000
Unionists march against Home Rule.
1970 - Charles Haughey, James Kelly, Albert Luykx and John Kelly are acquitted of conspiracy to import arms.
|24th||1990 - The
IRA forces three men to act as suicide bombers, resulting in seven
|25th||1917 - De
Valera becomes the President of Sinn Féin.
1920 - Lord Mayor of Cork Thomas MacSwiney dies on hunger strike in Brixton Prison.
1968 - The New University of Ulster is opened.
|27th||1913 - James
Larkin of the Irish Transport and General Workers' Union sent to prison
for seditious language.
|30th||1939 - More
than two dozen air-raid sirens are tested across Dublin.
|31st||1909 - The
Royal University of Ireland is dissolved.
1973 - Three IRA prisoners escape from Mountjoy Prison in a hijacked helicopter.
1990 - Brian Lenihan is sacked from government over dishonesty allegations.
1996 - First Irish language TV station, Teilifís na Gaeilge (TnaG), is launched.
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|1st||1883 - Mater
Infirmorm Hospital in Belfast takes in its first patients.
1920 - 18-year-old Kevin Barry executed for killing a British soldier.
|3rd||1841 - Foundation
stone is laid for St. Malachy's Church in Belfast.
|4th||1957 - Éamon
de Valera attends the coronation of Pope John Paul XXIII.
2001 - Police Service of Northern Ireland established.
|5th||1992 - The
Irish government loses a vote of confidence and the Dáil is
|7th||1924 - Amnesty
declared for politically motivated crimes committed during the Civil
1940 - Éamon de Valera lets it be known that Irish ports will not be handed over to the British.
1990 - Mary Robinson is elected seventh President of Ireland.
|8th||1949 - Street
names in any language other than English are banned in Northern Ireland.
1960 - Nine Irish soldiers serving with the United Nations are killed in the Congo.
1987 - The IRA kill eleven people at a Rememberance Service in Enniskillen.
|9th||1907 - The
Irish International Exhibition ends after six months.
1919 - Labour leader James Larkin arrested in New York for attempting to overthrow a government.
- Jack Lynch receives his seal of office as the new
|11th||1997 - Mary
McAleese inaugurated as the eighth President of Ireland.
|12th||1957 - Brendan
Behan's Borstal Boy
is banned by censors.
|13th||1991 - Defence
Secretary Jim McDaid resigns following criticism of his attending an
|14th||1866 - St
Peter's Cathedral in Belfast is dedicated.
1923 - William Butler Yeats is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.
|15th||1985 - Taoiseach
Charles Haughey and British PM Margaret Thatcher sign the Anglo-Irish
|17th||1890 - Captain
Willie O'Shea divorces Kitty O'Shea, naming Charles Stewart Parnell as
1926 - Following the killing of two gardaí, President W.T. Cosgrave introduces the Public Safety (Emergency Powers) Bill.
1948 - The Republic of Ireland Act 1948, aimed at repealing the External Relations Act of 1936, is introduced in Dáil Éireann.
|19th||1913 - Irish
Citizen Army founded by James Connolly to protect workers in the
1971 - An Taoiseach Jack Lynch holds talks with British Prime Minister Harold Wilson.
|20th||1936 - General
Eoin O'Duffy leads 600 men to fight for Franco in Spain.
|21st||1920 - Bloody
Sunday. Following the assassinations of 14 undercover British agents by
Michael Collins' men, British forces kill 12 people at a GAA
football match at Croke Park.
2001 - GAA abolishes 'Rule 21' so that members of the security forces and British army can play.
|22nd||1932 - Prince
of Wales opens the new parliament building in Belfast.
|23rd||1867 - William O'Mera
Allen, Michael Larkin and William O'Brien are executed at Manchester.
|24th||1922 - Erskine
Childers is executed for the possession of a gun which Michael Collins
had given him as a Christmas present.
1995 - A referendum in the Republic narrowly passes in favour of allowing divorce.
1890 - Charles Stewart Parnell re-elected leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party.
1892 - Douglas Hyde delivers a lecture to the Irish National Literary Society on 'the necessity of de-anglicising the Irish people'.
1913 - Irish Volunteers founded.
1948 - The Republic of Ireland Act is passed in Dáil Éireann.
|26th||1998 - Tony
Blair becomes the first British Prime Minister to address the
|28th||1863 - First
edition of The Irish
1905 - Sinn Féin founded.
1913 - Andrew Bonar Law addresses a huge Unionist rally in the Theatre Royal in Dublin, encouraging Ulster to resist Home Rule.
1920 - Flying column led by Tom Barry kills 16 Auxiliaries at Kilmichael in County Cork.
|29th||1955 - Bord
na gCon set up under the Greyhound Racing Bill.
1979 - Taoiseach Jack Lynch greets EEC heads of government in Dublin.
1999 - Ten designated ministers appointed to the Northern Ireland Assembly.
|30th||1947 - A
sixty day transport strike ends in Dublin.
1956 - Petrol rationing is introduced in response to the Suez Crisis.
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|2nd||1999 - Irish
government ratifies changes to Articles 2 and 3 of the Irish
|3rd||1925 - The
Boundary Commission recommends no change to the border.
|4th||1967 - The
first independent computer in Ireland is introduced at Shannon Airport.
1971 - 15 people die in the bombing of McGurk's Bar.
|6th||1890 - 44
members of the Irish Parliamentary Party walk out in protest
at Parnell's leadership.
1921 - Treaty signed in London, allowing for the creation of a 'Free State' in a partitioned Ireland.
1922 - Irish Free State officially comes into existence.
1976 - Dr Patrick Hillery becomes the Sixth President of Ireland.
1982 - The INLA kill 17 people with a bomb attack on the Droppin Well Inn.
|7th||1979 - Charles
Haughey is elected leader of Fianna Fáil.
|8th||1933 - Blueshirts
banned by the Irish government.
1980 - Margaret Thatcher becomes the first British PM to visit Ireland since independence.
|9th||1973 - The
Seán MacBride wins the Nobel Prize for Peace.
|11th||1920 - British
forces set fire to the centre of Cork.
1979 - Charles Haughey becomes Taoiseach.
2000 - President Clinton arrives in Dublin.
|12th||1928 - First
Irish coinage issued.
1936 - Following the abdication of King Edward VIII, the Executive Authority (External Relations) Act is passed to abolish the crown and role of the king in consitutional law.
1955 - Cork Opera House is destroyed by fire.
Attempted rescue of Richard O'Sullivan Burke from Clerkenwell Jail
results in twelve civilian deaths.
1922 - Oireachtas meets for the first time.
1972 - President Éamon de Valera signs documents covering Ireland's entry into the EEC.
|14th||1955 - Ireland
is admitted to the United Nations.
|15th||1844 - St.
Malachy's Church in Belfast is dedicated.
1993 - Downing Street Declaration issued by Taoiseach Albert Reynolds and British PM John Major.
|16th||1921 - The
British House of Parliament accepts the Anglo-Irish Treaty.
|18th||1946 - The
Irish government announces the release or 24 internees, including
1953 - The Censorship Board bans almost 100 publications.
|19th||1974 - Cearbhall
Ó Dálaigh becomes the fifth President of Ireland.
1981 - The Dublin-registered Union Star sinks on its maiden voyage with sixteen casualties.
|20th||1961 - Robert
McGladdery becomes the last man to be legally executed in Northern
|21st||1916 - Announcement
made at the British House of Commons that all prisoners from the Easter
1948 - President Seán T. O'Kelly signs the Republic of Ireland Bill at a ceremony at Áras an Uachtaráin.
|23rd||1895 - Opening
of Grand Opera House in Belfast.
1939 - Ammunition is stolen from the national arsenal at Phoenix Park by the IRA.
|24th||1889 - Charles
Stewart Parnell publicly accused of adultery.
1895 - Fifteen people die in the Kingstown Lifeboat Disaster.
|25th||1945 - In
his presidential address, Seán T. O'Kelly calls on the young
to support the Irish language.
|27th||1997 - LVF
leader Billy Wright shot dead in prison by the INLA.
|28th||1821 - Four
lifeboat men drown while rescuing the brig of the crew Ellen of Liverpool
1918 - Sinn Féin win a landslide victory in the Irish general election.
|29th||1908 - The
Irish Transport Workers' Union is founded with James Larkin as general
1937 - The Constitution of Ireland comes into force.
1967 - A new redundancy payments scheme is announced.
|31st||1909 - Harry
Ferguson becomes the first person to fly in Ireland, using his own
1961 - Teilifís Éireann goes on air.
1998 - The punt is traded for the last time and the Euro is launched.
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