July 2016

History Selection

Cork Electric Tramways
Electric Tramways
Cork City Hall
City Hall
Cork Patrick's Bridge
Patrick's Bridge
Cork, Patrick Street
Patrick Street
Cork, St Michaels Church Road
St Michaels Church Road
Cork, Opera House
Opera House

Ireland in 1959

January 6th: Davy Spillane, future folk rock musician, was born in Dublin.

January 9th: Death of Alexander Martin Sullivan, lawyer, known for defending Roger Casement in 1916.

January 17th: Dáil Éireann debated whether Éamon de Valera's position as controlling director of the Irish Press was incompatible with his duties as Taoiseach.

January 23rd: The government considered introducing a pay-as-you-earn system of income tax.

February 2nd: John B. Keane's play Sive premiered at Walsh's Ballroom, Listowel.

Accepting a trophy for performing 'Sive'

Accepting a trophy for performing 'Sive'

Scene from 'Home is the Hero'

Scene from 'Home is the Hero'

February 4th: Death of Una O'Connor, an Irish-American actress born in Belfast.

February 6th: Birth of Dermot Bolger, future novelist and playwright, in Finglas.

February 10th: Unions voted to end the 15-year split in the Irish trade union movement, forming the Irish Congress of Trade Unions.

February 12th: The first edition of the Irish Music Charts Top 10 was printed in the Dublin Evening Herald, with Elvis Presley at the top.

March 3rd: The film Home Is the Hero, based on the play by and starring Walter Macken, was released in Dublin.

March 7th: Death of Thomas Cornelius Murray, dramatist.

March 13th: Death of Robert Forde, Antartic explorer.

April 8th: Fine Gael's James Dillon suggested abolishing compulsory Irish, which he felt was counter-productive.

May 15th: Death of Liam de Róiste, participant in Easter Rising and Sinn Féin politician.

May 21st: Birth of Brian Lenihan, future politician, in Dublin.

Dublin in 1959

Dublin in 1959

First women in An Garda Síochána

First women in An Garda Síochána

June 13th: Death of Seán Lester, diplomat and the last Secretary-General of the League of Nations.

June 24th: Walt Disney's film Darby O'Gill and the Little People, based on H. T. Kavanagh's short stories, had its world premiere in Dublin.

June 25th: Éamon de Valera was inaugurated as the third President of Ireland.

July 9th: The first twelve female recruits were selected to join An Garda Síochána.

July 29th: The new Department of Transport and Power was established. Thekla Beere became the first woman to achieve the grade of departmental Secretary in the Irish civil service.

August 28th: Birth of Lorcan Cranitch, future actor, in Dublin.

September 15th: Donagh MacDonagh's play Lady Spider premiered at the Gas Company Theatre, Dún Laoghaire.

September 22nd: The Irish Congress of Trade Unions criticised the government of Northeren Ireland for refusing to recognise it.

September 28th: Dominic Behan's play Posterity Be Damned premiered at the Gaiety Theatre, Dublin.

September 30th: The film of Mise Éire, the first feature-length Irish language film, premiered to conclude the Cork Film Festival.

Mise Éire at a cinema

Mise Éire at a cinema

James Dillon

James Dillon

October 4th: Three men collapsed and died at Croke Park during the All-Ireland Hurling Final Replay.

October 20th: Birth of Niamh Cusack, future actress, in Dublin.

October 21st: James Dillon was elected leader of the Fine Gael Party.

November 28th: Birth of Stephen Roche, future Tour de France winner, in Dundrum.

December: British-Irish actor Peter O'Toole married Welsh actress Siân Phillips in Dublin.

December 4th: Twelve new female members of An Garda Síochána, 'bhanghardaí', passed out of the training depot in the Phoenix Park.

Images from the North in 1970

Crumlin Road, nationalists wave a tricolour flag

Crumlin Road, nationalists wave a tricolour flag

Rioting in Derry

Rioting in Derry

Irish History on Film

The Northern Ireland Conflict

The Diary of Mary Martin

Mary Martin with her children

Friday, 21 April, 1916

Good Friday. Went to Mass 10.30 & spent rest of the day at home. It proved to be a beautiful day very bright & sunny.

Aunt Eveleen went with Aunt Sissy to "Three Hours" at Gardiner St. Ethel Violet & I went to Devotions in the evening after dinner.

Saturday, 22 April, 1916

Cecil progressing very favourably let up today but not out. No sign of any of the others taking it Beatrice writes very disappointed at not getting home. hopes to be able to get away somewhere, but as I have not heard from Aunt Jennie I cannot arrange it. One of the kids at Haunton is suspect for whooping—cough & her sister Sheila who was to have come here with Beatrice is under observation. Planted some new plants in Kelway’s border, the weather is favourable so I trust they will do all right.

Sunday, 23 April, 1916

A very beautiful Easter but we were quite a lonely party. Ethel & Violet went to tea with the Morans, thinking to meet some friends, but only Stannie & Mr & Mrs Norbert Moran. Mona arrived back from the Fitzgeralds.

Monday, 24 April, 1916

Ethel & Violet start off to go with Aunt Rita to Fairy house & have a very pleasant day till they got back to town here they discovered to their cost there was a Sinn Fein Rising & Dublin was in a state of siege no trams or trains running the streets & bridges barricaded. The G.P.O, Westland Row Station Four Courts etc in occupation of the Rebels. The furniture of these places being thrown out on the street. They were held up a[t] several points & would not be allowed to approach St Dymphnas in the motor. As Jack Donelan undertook to drive the girls home Rita had to brave a barricade & walk home. They got here without much further adventure but Jack did not know how he was going to get back with the car to St Dymphnas, as a lot of people had to give up their cars & find their way on foot. He got back safely after trying the Automobile Club & Thompsons to put up the car but eventually got round by Finglas

Tuesday, 25 April, 1916

A very quiet peaceful day here but we hear (no newspapers published or mails arriving) that the Sinn Feiners are still in possession of G.P.O, & Westland Row & are defying the military. They say several people have been killed & that the G.P.O has changed hands a couple of times.

A ship came into Kingstown with some troops & there is also a cruiser in the harbour & the approaches are well guarded by the military. We also hear there were Risings in Cork, Limerick, Belfast & Derry.

We do not know what will happen out about the boys, it is very doubtful if the mailboat will arrive & if it does here, they are to get to Ashton. Richie cannot travel with them having to remain behind with tonsilitis.

Wednesday, 26 April, 1916

Still no authentic news but it appears the Sinn Feiner still hold the City. Although I believe Stephen’s Green has been cleared of them. It is predicted food will get very scarce so ordered what I can conveniently get. No mail boat came in so there is no tidings of the boys.

In the afternoon I went to the Tea Rooms we had a good many soldiers & sailors mostly of Staffordshire regiment. This has been a glorious day it is too terrible to think how it is being desecrated with murders & pillage for of course the mob is looting the shops.

We hear this evening Liberty Hall has been levelled to the ground also the Herald Office which shows that there is a good deal of connection with the strike. Jacobs Factory being one of the rebels strongholds.

Troops & artillery have arrived in large numbers.

Thursday, 27 April, 1916

Things still as bad as ever There were big fires in town during the nights.

Got a Daily Mail but there is very little news. In Parliament both Carson & Redmond denounced the rebels & demanded strong measures being taken. Asquith had to drop his Service Bill so it is supposed Universal Conscription will be enforced. Birrell announced his intention of crossing to Ireland.

Troops are still arriving.

Aunt Maisie called up this evening to tell us she heard from Mr Ross that Joe & Paddy Barry were both at Mount Joy Prison. They crossed over by the Greenore boat & found their way as far as Drogheda & there having no money they pawned their watches & got to town by motor & were wandering about there when an officer took them to Mountjoy. They say they left our boys at Birmingham.

We went up on the roof when going to bed & saw a very big blaze from the City Sir Roger Casement was taken off a German submarine & is now in the Tower.

Friday, 28 April, 1916

A perfectly glorious day. Ethel and I were off to Mass when we met Jack & Leo on the Avenue. Six of them arrived this morn ing including Cyril & Owen. They had stopped in Birmingham & spent yesterday afternoon with Beatrice at Haunton. After Mass we met Sir Valentine Grace he was very anxious about his son who we expected would have been with the boys but they told him he went on to Holyhead with Paddy Barry. The reports to day are that Bolands Bakery has been taken from the Sinn Feiners. E & J Burke’s bottling Stores were burning & H&J Martin timber Stores also. I was told this afternoon that T&C Martins had been burned. It is reported that Connolly & Countess Markievicz & Sheehy Skeffington have been shot. The boys marked out the Tennis Court so I presume play will now begin for the Season.

Saturday, 29 April, 1916

Fighting still continuing as fierce as ever in Dublin & fires were seen during the night & one could hear the big guns going We hear great rumours of the damage that is being done to the city by the cannonade. Ballsbridge Haddington Rd & North umberland Rd seem to be the hottest district. Boland Bakery one of the Sinn Fein stronghold has been taken by the military but is much damaged.

All very quiet round about Kingstown but still great movement of troops.

This afternoon Uncle Tom rang up & reported all well out there but there had been very heavy fighting at Parkgate St & North Side of town also that there was trouble in the country district. But he said he believed it was over or he did not think he could have got through as the telephones can now only be used on military business.

Sunday, 30 April, 1916

Still beautiful weather, we hear there is a truce in town & that most of the rebels have given in. Stephens Green is cleared & the G.P.O but that they still have Jacob’s Factory & Four Courts but that the rebellion is practically over as the leaders have surrendered unconditionally.

We met Mrs Moran & Mona after Mass they had news of Stannie late last evening he was then quite safe & in charge of some prisoners at the Rotunda. The guns of the Irish were booming all day which gave some people the impression that the bombardment was still continuing.

The pickets are getting more strict about letting you pass one cannot go up to Kingstown even.

Monday, 1 May, 1916

We are told that the fighting is practically over in town but there is still some sniping etc in Ballsbridge district this seems to be the most disturbed of all. According to the Daily Mail1 some of the leaders of the Sinn Fein from Enniscorthy who would surrender if the rank & file were allowed to return to their homes & would not believe that the leaders in Dublin were surrendering unconditionally, were being escorted to Dublin to see for themselves. A party of soldiers about 20 have taken possession of the cross roads at our wicket they belong to the Leicester Regiment they are making a barricade across the road taking our carts etc from the yard to form it. The men are very tired for want of sleep & are on rations of bully beef & biscuits.

They are glad of something to drink we have given them lemonade, stewed rhubard and a big jug of tea. They expected an attack at night.